Question: Does Et Al Need A Comma?

How do you punctuate et al in a sentence?

Punctuation.

The “al” in “et al.” is always followed by a period.

This is because the term is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase “et alia”—the period indicates that it is an abbreviation: et al..

Do you use et al for 3 authors?

The abbreviation “et al.” (meaning “and others”) is used to shorten in-text citations with three or more authors. … Only include the first author’s last name, followed by “et al.”, a comma and the year of publication, for example (Taylor et al., 2018).

Why is et al used?

One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning “and others.” It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler. …

How do you mention citations?

Introduce the quote with a signal phrase that includes the author’s last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses and put the page number at the end of the quotation. The citation is part of the sentence and the punctuation will come after the citation.

How do you address et al?

The expression et al., which is always followed by a period, stands for “and others.” So the greetings above would mean: Dear John and others, Hello, Kimia and others.

What does et al mean on a deed?

This is a Latin phrase that is short for “et alia.” It means “and others,” and is commonly used in legal documents to reference the family or people involved. Legal documents must list every person involved by using their first and last names one time.

How do you write et al in a bibliography?

If the work has four or more authors/editors the abbreviation ‘et al’ should be used after the first author’s name. It is also acceptable to use ‘et al’ after the first author if the work has three authors.

Can you put a comma after et al?

Remember that there is no comma between the surname and “et al.,” and the period goes only after the “al.” The English translation of “et al.” is “and others.” A helpful table of this rule can be found in APA 7, Table 8.1.

How many authors do you list before et al?

Only when a work has six or more authors should the first in-text citation consist of the first author followed by et al. With five or fewer authors, all the author surnames should be spelled out at first mention.

How do you write thesis in et al?

Modern Language Association (MLA) Style Manual: For research papers having three or more authors, MLA states that, for the reference list, the first author’s surname should be cited, followed by a comma, then the rest of the name, followed by “et al.” For in-text citations, the first author’s surname is followed by “et …

How do you do et al in Word?

If a document has six or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with “et al.” from the first citation to the last.

How do you use et al?

Use the word “and” between the authors’ names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. In subsequent citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” in the signal phrase or in parentheses. In et al., et should not be followed by a period.

Does et al always have a period?

in a bibliographic list, such as “Feynman, Hawking, Sagan, et al.” There should always be a period after et al. to show it is an abbreviation.

How do you say hello in a group?

Email greetings to groupsIf it’s a group of people you know really well, you can use something more informal such as “Hi all,” “Hi team” or “Hi everyone.”If it’s a more formal email, you can use greetings such as “Dear Coworkers,” “Dear Colleagues” or “Dear Hiring Committee.”More items…

How do you write italic et al?

Latin and italics: “et al.” is not italicized or underlined (van Leunen, p. 27: “Write it without either underlining or italics.”; Chicago Manual of Style 7.56: “Commonly used Latin words and abbreviations should not be italicized.

Do you use et al for two authors?

The Latinate abbreviation “et al.” is short for “et alii,” which means, “and others,” and always refers to people, not objects. So if you had two authors, adding “et al.” would indicate that there were other authors – and since there are no other authors in this case, it is incorrect to use it.